Group IV Epitaxy

Advanced Epi offers a wide range of epitaxial materials including silicon, germanium and various alloys. We hold a stock of epi wafers for immediate dispatch that are available in low quantities for small scale R&D and evaluation, details of which can be found on our online store.

A non-exhaustive list of materials we have the capability to grow and their typical applications is given below:

Silicon, Si1-xBx and Si1-xCx Alloys

Silicon can be grown up to 10's of microns and can be doped with B (p-type), P or As (n-type) during epitaxy. Advanced Epi specialise in novel Si growth processes such as selective epitaxy or growth on non-standard substrates.

Alloys including silicon boron and silicon carbon with % levels of B or C incorporated in the lattice can offer exciting applications in strain engineering and lowering contact resistance.

Germanium and SiGe Alloys

High quality germanium epilayers can be grown on Si substrates offering very low defect density virtual substrates. Typical thickness of buffers ranges from 200nm up to ~1um although thinner / thicker Ge may be available on request. MORE INFORMATION

Silicon Germanium (SiGe) alloys can be grown directly on Si substrates or on Ge virtual substrates. Pseudomorphic SiGe can be grown fully strained to the Si or Ge substrates and thicker strain relaxed buffer layers are also available. MORE INFORMATION

Germanium Tin Alloys

GeSn is an exciting new semiconductor material which offers bandgap manipulation promising the first direct bandgap Group IV semiconductor for IR photonic applications. While growth of GeSn is still in the experimental phase, Advanced Epi can offer strained and relaxed epilayers up to ~12% Sn content. MORE INFORMATION

Substrates and Growth Processes

Almost all our epilayers can be grown on (100, 150 and 200mm) diameter substrates.
Advanced Epi holds a wide range of Si substrates in stock, please see the table below for typical parameters.

MaterialWafer Diameter (mm)OrientationThickness (microns)Offcut (degrees)Doping typeGrowth Process
Silicon100, 150, 200(100), (111)350-10000-4n-, p-, n+, p+, FZCz, MCz, FZ

We can also grow almost all of our epilayers on SOI substrates as well as SiO2 patterned substrates for selective epitaxy. We are happy to grow on substrates supplied by customers but may require certificates of conformance to validate cleanliness.

Material Characterisation

Advanced Epi can provide data of grown epi wafers utilising a range of characterisation techniques. Non-destructive techniques which can be carried out at wafer scale include AFM surface roughness, FTIR thickness uniformity and wafer bow mapping. More in depth characterisation can be performed using SEM, TEM, Raman techniques as well as electrical characterisation including temperature dependent Hall effect and resistivity measurements.

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Device Fabrication

All grown epi wafers can be processed into prototype devices using our in-house fabrication facilities, which include:
- Lithography - Mask aligners and Maskless Laser Writer
- Etching - RIE-ICP dry etch and various wet etchant solutions
- Deposition - Metal and oxide deposition by evaporation or sputtering
- Packaging - Wire bonding (Au or Al)
- Test - Variable temperature probe stations (I-V/C-V), Cryogenic Hall effect

Process Development

Advanced Epi works closely with customers to provide a truly bespoke epitaxial service and often develops processes specific to each applications and set of requirements. All of our epitaxial growth is carried within industry standard cold-wall CVD reactors which facilitates seamless integration of our processes into other manufacturing lines.

A wide range of processes beyond epitaxy can also be developed in-house to facilitate your development projects. If you are looking to develop a new technology or expand into new markets we can offer unique service to facilitate and accelerate development without impacting on your own vital internal processes. For more information about the services we offer and how we can assist your own projects please contact us.